Model 197 Precision Light Choppers
- Self contained chopper head
- Quartz crystal frequency accuracy and stability
- Internal or external frequency reference
- Sync outputs
- Fully enclosed housings for safety and low noise
- Optical absorption, reflection and transmission measurements
- Dual-beam ratiometric measurements
- Automatic background subtraction in boxcar averager experiments
The model 197 is a compact, high performance chopper, offering features and benefits that are ideal for use in modern photometic systems.
The unit is self contained, comprising a dual aperture chopper blade, motor and the necessary driving electronics. Each aperture provides an independent reference output allowing simultaneous dual frequency operation (10:1 ratio) for dual-path experiments. Frequency control is by a precision internal oscillator set by a 4-digit push-button selector on the unit or by the application of an external AC reference signal. The unit is powered via an external line power supply module.
Mounting holes are provided in the base and right-hand side of the housing (viewed from the front) to allow for mounting the model 197 onto an optical bench or support post.
Quartz Crystal Frequency Accuracy and Stability
The model 197, in common with all SIGNAL RECOVERY light choppers, uses a quartz crystal oscillator as its primary frequency standard. The oscillator signal is divided down to yield the required chopper frequency, and then the motor speed is continuously adjusted to phase lock the actual chopper frequency to this required value. The result is a chopper with an output frequency as stable as any other modern frequency source.
External Frequency Control
Like many other choppers, the frequency can be controlled externally. However, unlike other units the control is via an applied TTL reference rather than an analog voltage. This means that the modulation frequency generated is exactly that required which allows these choppers to be used in conjunction with the dual reference modes offered by our model 7124, 7265, 7270, and 7280 lock-in amplifiers to implement twochannel source compensation experiments.